Professor VanderWeele and colleagues published a new article on religious attendance and depression. They show that women who frequently attended religious services, compared to those who never, had a lower risk of subsequent depression. However, it was also the case that women who were depressed were subsequently more likely to cease attending service. By using data over time the paper provided evidence for effects in both directions.
The article can be found here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27393076
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